First Thoughts

Vicksburg Campaign

The Vicksburg Campaign was a series of maneuvers and battles in the Western Theater of the American Civil War directed against Vicksburg, Mississippi, a fortress city that dominated the last Confederate-controlled section of the Mississippi River.

American Civil War Union Army Mississippi River Henry Moore Confederate States Army


" God gave us Lincoln and Liberty, let us fight for both.". A toast made by Grant before his operati…
This bender has been sponsored by your local brewery. Its like the Vicksburg campaign
The capture of Vicksburg was the last biggest military conflict in the campaign of the American Civil War.
In 1868, Grant expressed public regret for banning Jews from his command during Vicksburg campaign. Did not defend his order.
Animated & narrated map simplifies the complex Vicksburg campaign
I wouldn’t be surprised if you told me commanded a regiment for Grant during the Vicksburg campaign.
Congrats to for Social Media Campaign of the Year award! Another great day for
Meet Terrence Winchel, author, historian, lecturer and tour guide. His insights into the 1863 Vicksburg Campaign...
1861 photo of Confederate States Army private Henry Moore. Henry was wounded in the Vicksburg Campaign and sent…
12.26 - Union Maj. Gen. John A. Logan died this day in 1886. Logan served during the Vicksburg Campaign as the commander of the Third Divison in Maj. Gen. James B. McPherson’s XVII Army Corps. The Third Division was involved in some of the fiercest fighting during the campaign and siege. It was men of Logan’s division, specifically the 45th Illinois Infantry along with the 23rd Indiana, and the 17th Iowa that made assaults on the Confederate defenses of the 3rd Louisiana Redan on May 22, 1863 and after the mine explosion on June 25, 1863. He served as a state senator, U.S. Congressman and U.S. Senator for Illinois and in the election of 1884, was an unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States with James G. Blaine. As the 3rd Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Army of the Republic, he is regarded as the most important figure in the movement to recognize Memorial Day (originally known as Decoration Day) as an official holiday.
The Siege of Vicksburg (May 18 – July 4, 1863) was the final major military action in the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War. In a series of maneuvers, UnionMaj. Gen.Ulysses S. Grant and his Army of the Tennessee crossed the Mississippi River and drove the Confederate army of Lt. Gen.John…
July 1-4, 1863: The Gettysburg and Vicksburg Campaign: April 1863-Saturday July 4, 1863 and Wednesday July 1-Friday July 3, 1863: By the early summer of 1863, the course of the Civil War in the eastern theater was very definitely going in the favor of the rebel Confederacy. Although Lee had lost Stonewall Jackson at Chancellorsville after he died of pneumonia on May 10th, Lee's fighting forces were still as strong as ever and immediately the General, with Stuart and Longstreet alongside, the General decided to make another gamble by striking northward. It was believed that with the Union in disarray, with morale low and Democrats calling for the Lincoln Administration to give up that a Confederate victory in the north and a strike on Washington City would provoke enough desperation that the Federal Government would agree to negotiate peace. Alexander Stephens, Confederate Vice President would begin a trip upriver from Richmond to offer peace terms. By this time, Confederate attempts to get recognition fro ...
150 years ago today, June 24, 1863, the first day of the Battle OF Hoover's Gap took place. Ever since the end of the Battle Of Stone's River near Murfreesboro TN, in January, the Federal Army Of The Cumberland, under William S Rosecrans remained camped near Murfreesboro while the Confederate under Braxton Bragg were camped in the area of Shelbyville about 30 miles to the south. With the onset of the Vicksburg Campaign, Rosecrans was under pressure from headquarters to attack in Tennessee to draw off enemy troops from from Mississippi. Rosecrans refused to do so because, although he had a marginal superiority in infantry and he had a numerical and quality advantage in artillery, the Confederates had about 7,000 more cavalry which were better led by the likes of Nathan Bedford Forrest, Joe Wheeler and John Hunt Morgan. Rosecrans begged for more cavalry but was denied. He was allowed to convert an infantry brigade to mounted infantry if they obtained their mounts locally. Colonel John T Wilder set about mou ...
Vicksburg National Military Park to Commemorate African American Military History Milestone of Battle of Milliken’s Bend On June 7, 1863, African American Union soldiers at Milliken’s Bend clashed with Confederate troops in one of the first battles between former slaves and Confederate forces during the Civil War. The courage displayed by the black troops in this small but important battle proved to many that the new policy of recruiting African American soldiers was a wise one, and thus ensured the continuation of the black recruitment, ultimately resulting in the enlistment of 190,000 men of color into the Union Army. As part of the sesquicentennial commemoration of the Vicksburg Campaign, events will be held in Madison Parish and at Vicksburg National Military Park to commemorate the battle of Milliken’s Bend. Thursday, June 6, at 7 p.m. in the park visitor center auditorium, Park Ranger, Dr. David Slay will give a presentation of the United States Colored Troops recruited in this region during . ...
Discussion of the Vicksburg Campaign at the Forbes House Museum tonight 7pm
February 6, 1830...Marcellus Monroe Crocker (February 6, 1830, Franklin, IN – August 26, 1865, Washington, DC) was a general in the Union Army during the Civil War most noted for his service in the Western Theater. Crocker entered the United States Military Academy in 1847, but left at the end of his second year. He subsequently studied law and practiced in Des Moines, Iowa. With the outbreak of the Civil War, he entered the army as the captain of the 2nd Iowa Infantry in May 1861. He was promoted to colonel of the 13th Iowa on December 30, 1861. Crocker fought with distinction in the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862, where he assumed command of a brigade during the first day. He commanded the "Iowa Brigade" at the battle of Corinth in October, 1862. He was promoted to brigadier general on November 29, 1862. The following year, he participated in the Vicksburg Campaign, conducting a raid in Mississippi. Crocker had brought his brigade to a high state of discipline, and it was nicknamed "Crocker's Greyhoun ...
Shows you what I know, I said Little Round Top at Gettysburg, I was wrong. Pemberton was born in Philly but chose the Conferderate side due to his VA born wife. Love made him a Conferderate. Never-the-Less he went to West Point and was friends with many former classmates on both sides. Very dear friend was Sam (U) Grant whom he surrendered Vicksburg to. I did not know what drink Pemberton invented, interesting. David Lord got it right below: Champion's Hill (Vicksburg Campaign) May 1863. Wasn't there a Confederate General named John Pemberton there? Actually, General Pemberton was there and he was the inventor of Coca Cola. He lived in Columbus, Georgia for a while before moving to Atlanta. And the rest is history. 8 minutes ago · Like..
With Christmas upon us as we settle in our warm homes to celebrate the holiday I thought that it would be nice to look 150 years back and see where our boys were and what they were doing. Late Decemeber would see the opening engagement of the Vicksburg Campaign at a place called Chickasaw Bayou. Here a bloody fight would last from December 26th till the 29th. The area was covered in dense woods, swamps and lakes which the Federals would have to make their way through to assault the Confederate defenses on Walnut Hills. On the 29th Sherman would make a frontal assault with heavy casaulties before withdrawing. The Confederate victory would keep Vicksburg in Confederate hands. The 52nd Georgia had now been away from home since March and had already been in a fight at Cumberland Gap. They would still at this time be under the command of Brig. General Seth Barton. At Chickasaw Bayou the 52nd would be distinguished for their courage and steadiness throughout the fight repulsing five frontal assaults. This would ...
12/20/1862: CS General Van Dorn launched an attack on US General Grant's supply base at Holly Springs, capturing 1800 prisoners and destroying $1,500,000 worth of material. CS General Forrest and his troopers eluded Union pursuers neat Jackson, TN, while tearing up rail lines. US General Sherman and his troops left Memphis in an attempt to approach Vicksburg via the swamps at the north of the town, effectively starting the Vicksburg Campaign. President Lincoln refused another attempted resignation from a Cabinet member, this time from Treasury Secretary Chase.
Friday, Oct 19 - Sunday, Oct 21, 2012 150th Anniversary of Vicksburg Campaign: Battles of Raymond, Champion Hill, Vicksburg The reenactment of several military actions of the Vicksburg Campaign is planned with up to 5,000 participants. Plans are to commemorate portions of General Ulysses S. Grant's 1863 Vicksburg Campaign, today recognized by the US Army as "the most brilliant campaign ever fought on American soil." The event will begin Friday, Oct. 19 with educational field programs for schools. On Saturday, Oct. 20, the re-enacted battles for the general public will begin with the Battle of Raymond at 10:00 am on the actual battlefield. At 3:00 pm, the program will continue with the Battle of Champion Hill, which was the largest Civil War battle in Mississippi and was one of the most decisive of the Civil War. The final re-enactment will commemorate a portion of the ill-fated assault by Union forces on the works of Vicksburg on May 22, 1863. This event will depict the attack on the Second Texas Lunette, ...
9.29 – Union general Giles A. Smith was born this day in 1829. Smith served as Colonel of the 1st Brigade in Maj. Gen. Frank P. Blair’s Second Division, of Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman’s XV Corps during the 1863 campaign for Vicksburg. Smith would serve in the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou on December 27-29, 1862 under his brother, Brig. Gen. Morgan L. Smith. The Second Division saw intense action during the assaults on the Confederate defenses on May 19 and 22, 1863. After the Vicksburg Campaign, Smith was promoted to Brigadier General. He went on to serve in the Atlanta Campaign, the March to the Sea and the Carolinas Campaign, rising to the rank of major general of volunteers.
Helm was in command of a brigade in Breckenridge's Division, Johnston's Army of Relief during the Vicksburg Campaign.
Vicksburg National Military Park preserves the site of the American Civil War Battle of Vicksburg, waged from May 18 to July 4, 1863. The park, in Vicksburg, Mississippi, and Delta, Louisiana, also commemorates the greater Vicksburg Campaign, which preceded the battle. Reconstructed forts and trench...
Three of four of my "Bruce" ancesters fought in SE/NE/SW KY, TN, & VA, respectively. Only one survived...they were fighting their dreaded local Yankee mounted infantry under Captian Bill Strong. "Last I saw of my father and two brothers, they were behind stumps, firing at Yankee soldiers [Capt. Bill Strong's men]..." Never were their bodies recovered/found. It was NO QUARTER on BOTH SIDES in this region, much like within all other "border states". My other CS ancestors (Captain Spicer of the 7th KY Mounted Infantry, for one, who served here in Mississippi, fighting against OTHER of his Spicer kin in the 7th KY US Unfantry in the Vicksburg Campaign!) I have honored you all for over 31 years as a reenactor.
149 years ago today the Confederate forces at Vicksburg surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant's Federal army, mostly by troops from Illinois, ending the 1863 Vicksburg Campaign. This victory, combined with the Union success at Gettysburg, having been fought at the same time July 1st.-3rd, delivered a heavy blow to the Comfederate forces.
12 May 1551 – National University of San Marcos, the oldest university in the Americas, is founded in Lima, Peru. 1780 – In the largest defeat of the Continental Army, Charleston, South Carolina is taken by British forces. 1820 Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, was born in Florence, Italy. 1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Raymond: two divisions of James B. McPherson's XVII Corps (ACW) turn the left wing of Confederate General John C. Pemberton's defensive line on Fourteen Mile Creek, opening up the interior of Mississippi to the Union Army during the Vicksburg Campaign. 1864 – American Civil War: the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House: thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers die in "the Bloody Angle". 1932 – Ten weeks after his abduction Charles Jr., the infant son of Charles Lindbergh is found dead in Hopewell, New Jersey, just a few miles from the Lindberghs' home. 1935 – Bill Wilson and Dr. Bob Smith (founders of Alcoholics Anonymous) meet for the first time in Ak ...
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