Mustafa Kemal & Ottoman Empire

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (19 May 1881 by a posteriori–10 November 1938) was an Ottoman and Turkish army officer, revolutionary statesman, writer, and the first President of Turkey. The Ottoman Empire or Sublime Ottoman State or sometimes also referred to as Turkey in the mid-19th century (Ottoman Turkish: دَوْلَتِ عَلِيّهٔ عُثمَانِیّه Devlet-i ʿAliyye-yi ʿOsmâniyye (also عثمانلى دولتى Osmanlı Devleti), Modern Turkish: Osmanlı Devleti or Osmanlı İmparatorluğu) was a Turkish empire which lasted from 27 July 1299 to 29 October 1923. 5.0/5

Mustafa Kemal Ottoman Empire First World War Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Modern History Ottoman Turks New York Great Depression Wall Street Red Cross New Zealand William Penn Winston Churchill Sinai Peninsula United Kingdom Leon Czolgosz Black Sea British India

October 29 Today's: Famous Birthdays - Music history 1618 - Sir Walter Raleigh was beheaded under a sentence that had been brought against him 15 years earlier for conspiracy against King James I. 1652 - The Massachusetts Bay Colony proclaimed itself to be an independent commonwealth. 1682 - William Penn landed at what is now Chester, PA. He was the founder of Pennsylvania. 1863 - The International Committee of the Red Cross was founded. 1901 - Leon Czolgosz, the assassin of U.S. President McKinley, was electrocuted. 1923 - Turkey formally became a republic after the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. The first president was Mustafa Kemal, later known as Kemal Ataturk. 1929 - America's Great Depression began with the crash of the Wall Street stock market. 1940 - The first peacetime military draft began in the U.S. 1945 - The first ballpoint pens to be made commercially went on sale at Gimbels Department Store in New York at the price of $12.50 each. 1956 - Israel invaded Egypt's Sinai Peninsula during the ...
I would like to get some feedback from my TURKISH friends "How Atatürk Made Turkey Secular" The evolution of Turkey in the early 1900s is one of the most baffling cultural and social changes in Islamic history. In a few short years, the Ottoman Empire was brought down from within, stripped of its Islamic history, and devolved into a new secular nation known as Turkey. The consequences of this change are still being felt today throughout the Muslim world, and especially in a very polarized and ideologically segmented Turkey. What caused this monumental change in Turkish government and society? At the center of it all is Mustafa Kemal, better known as Atatürk. Through his leadership in the 1920s and 1930s, modern secular Turkey was born, and Islam took a backseat in Turkish society. The Rise of Atatürk The decision of the Ottoman Empire to enter the First World War in 1914 turned out to be a horrible mistake. The empire was run by a dictatorship led by the “Three Pashas” who unilaterally entered the ...
Hello, I’m 25 years old, I’m an English teacher in Turkey and I’m a Turk. I want to start from the beginning- the beginning of Turkey. As you may know at first there wasn’t a republic there wasn’t even a country named Turkey. It was Ottoman Empire and it was ruled by sultans. In the World War I, Ottoman Empire sided with Germany as we couldn’t get much help from them and as almost every country in the world was against us we lost the war. Consequences were too much for us. Winner countries wanted every region for themselves except the part in the middle of the country –Ankara and other cities around Ankara were left for us to live in- At that point Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk) came along. He was a soldier then. He broke the rules of authorities and the Sultan in order to start The Turkish War of Independence. We were so poor at that point, we were defeated, lost WWI but Turkish people are brave, they love their country and freedom. No matter how bad the situation was for the Turks everyone did t ...
UNDERSTANDING TURKEY - A PREFACE TO A PRIMER = THE JEWISH PRESS June 9, 2012 "*** Turkey is an arena in the battle between Islamic tradition and the secular-nationalist heritage of Mustafa Kemal “Atatürk” (the father of the Turks) who founded modern Turkey after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the First World War. With his rise to power, toward the end of 1923, he imposed a secular nationalist agenda on the country, encouraged the drinking of alcohol and made “raki” the national drink, despite its being alcoholic. He did away with compulsory compliance with Islamic Shari’a, imposed on the Turks civil marriage and divorce, changed the written language from Arabic characters to Latin characters, closed madrassas, dismissed imams, forbade the wearing of turbans, encouraged women to walk in the streets without a head covering–like the women in Europe–and promoted the political and civil rights of women. His successor, President İsmet İnönü, continued in his path until 1950. Thus, for al ...
Izmir TurkeyTurkey also has a very fascinating recent history. Upon the decline of the Ottoman Empire, a young man named Mustafa Kemal, who was a soldier by occupation but a great visionary in character, took the defeat of World War I and turned it into a shining victory by liberating Turkey of all foreign invaders. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk founded the Republic of Turkey on the 29th of October, 1923. He led his country into peace and stability, with tremendous economic growth and complete modernization. Through decades of change and growth Turkey still boasts of this success by effectively living by their adopted motto of ‘’Peace at Home, Peace in the World’’.
An illustration of how Ottoman identity remained relevant to Arabs is the widespread support in Palestine for the 1919–22 Anatolian struggle against European armies later known as the Turkish War of Independence. Palestinians attentively followed the events of the Turkish War of Independence, conflating nationalist and religious images, personalities, and events and collapsing the Ottoman empire, the offices of the Sultan and Caliph, the resistance movement, and its leader, Mustafa Kemal, into one discursive field that expressed an identity rooted in Islam, the heritage of four centuries of Ottoman rule, and shared opposition to European rule.
Wolf dusty Cross the pretext of state, Mustafa Kemal (Ataturk) of Jewish origin (Jews Eldonma) dropped the Islamic caliphate and spreading corruption Order of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, with Britain and its allies in order to overthrow the Islamic Caliphate, which was based in Istanbul and this in the long-term plan by the West offender to strip Islam from the Muslim and Arab world to take allies and traitors, and employers the world from the Arab and Islamic world in order to Ansbohem high positions provided that enable them to the necks of the Muslims and doctrine of Muslims to come out of the rules The conspiracy against the Ottoman Empire, which do not deny that it started in the last Balturnh outdated and confusion but at least was a great symbol of the unity of Arabs and Muslims from East to West as well as the application of Islamic Sharia in many of the country. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, to drop the Islamic Caliphate Ottoman Down with religion and Islam in the March 3, 1924 AD abolished by Mustafa Kemal ...
LIFE HISTORY OF Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Mustafa was born on an undetermined date in the early months of 1881, either in the Ahmed Subaşı neighbourhood or in Islahhane Street (present-day Apostolu Pavlu Street) in the Koca Kasım Pasha neighbourhood (this house is preserved as a museum) in Salonica (present-day Thessaloniki),[2] Ottoman Empire, to his mother Zübeyde Hanım (a housewife) and father Ali Rıza Efendi (a militia officer, title-deed clerk and lumber trader). Only one of Atatürk's siblings, a sister named Makbule (Atadan) survived childhood; she died in 1956.[3] According to Andrew Mango, he was born into a family which was Muslim, Turkish-speaking and precariously middle-class.[4] Time magazine states that Mustafa Kemal's father was of Albanian and his mother was of Macedonian origin,[5] and Patrick Kinross wrote that he was "as fair as any Slav from beyond the Bulgarian frontier" with "fine white skin" and "eyes of a deep but clear light blue."[6] According to Encyclopaedia Judaica, one asse ...
Pontian and Anatolian Greeks were victims of a broader Turkish genocidal project aimed at all Christian minorities in the Ottoman Empire. A total of more than 3.5 million Greeks, Armenians, and Assyrians were killed under the successive regimes of the Young Turks and of Mustafa Kemal from roughly 19...
In 1915, Australian and New Zealand soldiers formed part of an Allied expedition that set out to capture the Gallipoli Peninsula, according to a plan by Winston Churchill to open the way to the Black Sea for the Allied navies. The objective was to capture Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire, which was an ally of Germany during the war. The ANZAC force landed at Gallipoli on 25 April, meeting fierce resistance from the Ottoman Army commanded by Mustafa Kemal (later known as Atatürk). What had been planned as a bold strike to knock the Ottomans out of the war quickly became a stalemate, and the campaign dragged on for eight months. At the end of 1915, the Allied forces were evacuated after both sides had suffered heavy casualties and endured great hardships. The Allied casualties included 21,255 from the United Kingdom, an estimated 10,000 dead soldiers from France, 8,709 from Australia, 2,721 from New Zealand, and 1,358 from British India. News of the landing at Gallipoli made a profound imp ...
Ataturk: Lessons in Leadership from the Greatest General of the Ottoman Empire (World Generals): Mustafa Kemal A...
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