Jim Crow & Rosa Parks
The Jim Crow Laws were state and local laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. They mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with a supposedly separate but equal status for Black Americans. Rosa Louise McCauley Parks (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) was an African-American Civil Rights Activist, whom the U.S. /5
Jim Crow Rosa Parks Jim Crow Laws Supreme Court Martin Luther King Jr African Americans Martin Luther King Civil Rights Movement President Barack Obama Medgar Evers Claudette Colvin Black History Month United States District Court United States Black History
so I guess Rosa Parks breaking Jim Crow Laws and starting a national movement doesn't sit well with you either?
Rosa Parks' private reflections on Jim Crow have gone public:
Boycotts can work, but it takes a commitment. 1 December 1955, the Montgomery bus sparked by Rosa Park lasted13-month mass protest that ended with the U.S. Supreme Court ruling that segregation on public buses is unconstitutional. The roots of the bus boycott began years before the arrest of Rosa Parks. The Womens’ Political Council (WPC), a group of black professionals founded in 1946, had already turned their attention to Jim Crow practices on the Montgomery city buses. In a meeting with Mayor W. A. Gayle in March 1954, the council's members outlined the changes they sought for Montgomery’s bus system: no one standing over empty seats; a decree that black individuals not be made to pay at the front of the bus and enter from the rear; and a policy that would require buses to stop at every corner in black residential areas, as they did in white communities. When the meeting failed to produce any meaningful change, WPC president Jo Ann Robinson reiterated the council’s requests in a 21 May letter to ...
Government tends to restrict liberty. Rosa Parks forced to sit at back of government bus. Jim Crow "Laws"
Reviewing examples of Jim Crow Laws shows how the laws sought to separate whites and blacks in many areas of life. These hateful laws ultimately led to Civil Rights Actions led by individuals such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks.
Since Black History Month is closing out I would like to publicly thank the American Public Education System for its countless years of teaching me the true depth and fullness of my peoples history in this rich and decadent American society. Remember that our history begins at the point of enslavement. Before the good-natured civilized European colonists so thoughtfully brought us out of the savage and barbaric wastelands of Africa. We labored without pay and did nothing of significance for about 350 years with a handful of productive leaders like Phillis Wheatley, Fredrick Douglass Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Dubois, and several others. Then we were the victims of Jim Crow and dealt with countless more atrocities for about another 100 years, in that time another HANDFUL of leaders helped to speak to and champion our social plight such as Marcus Garvey, Rosa Parks, Malcolm X (Although everybody knows how truly dangerous Malcolm was) And then our greatest leader ever Martin Luther King Jr. would single-ha ...
In my Cultural Diversity class today in re : Black History Month posted following abbreviated history on our discussion on Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Boycott. I want to respond to your post with just a bit of relevant history. I hope from your history classes that the class has heard of the legal doctrine known as "separate but equal." This is the prescription behind the kinds of laws and regulations in the south that created the "Jim Crow" customs such as the unequal treatment on the buses in Montgomery or the water fountains marked "colored". You may not know of a lawsuit titled Plesy versus Ferguson that was decided by the courts in 1896 in Louisiana. That was one of the first lawsuits to challenge these kinds of practices in separate accommodations in transportation. At the time of that lawsuit the plaintiffs lost the case and the courts decided as I said above, a doctrine of separate but equal, meaning that as long as the accommodations were considered equal in public transportation, they could be ...
I'm writing about the Jim Crow Laws and Rosa Parks in english. Can't believe the things that has happened in the past.
Now some dodo who is running for congress from Illinois is trying to equate Duck Dynasty Nasty with Rosa Parks. Give me a break that is about the most asinine comparison that could ever be made. To me it would be like equating Mussolini with Franklin Roosevelt. The Duckster thinks African Americans in the south in the 60s loved Jim Crow Laws. He considers *** an abomination. Rosa Parks stood up for her rights as a citizen and as a member of our society that was being discriminated against. Phil Robertson exercised his right to free speech expecting that he would get a free ride on the wagon of public opinion. There is no comparison between what he did and what Rosa Parks did. He spewed forth racism, bigotry and hatred which is within his right as a free citizen of this nation. Rosa Parks refused to move because she was being discriminated against and her right to speak up was withheld. These things are totally contradictory to one another. His rights haven't been violated. His right to speak up hasn't be ...
The *** Passion Play will "loosely" follow the story of Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks during the Montgomery, Alabama Bus Strike. The premise being what if Christs and Mary Magdelene had been born in the Southern United States during Jim Crow? And had found themselves figting a Biblically-sanctioned system of oppression, discrimination, and second-class citizenry within the Christian Church.
What is it about the person who seeds? They have a mystique about them, what they are and what they can do. They seem so powerful to those who see them from afar. So much so that they have fallen in love with the image that they have created about themselves. They are the ones who stand-up for their beliefs, bring others to the abiding form of justice, and inspire others to do the same. hey are the planters of generations and all of them have watched their seeds bloom in their prime. Let's name a few of these amazing people: Ghandi, Mother Teresa, Rosa Parks, Hannibal(Great General) Madame Sir Leaf(First Woman President of Liberia), Confucius, Che', Napoleon, Hitler, Genghis Khan, Jim Crow... the list continues. There are some on that list that will be disputed for the fact of their negative impact on the world and those around them, but remember the question that began this post; "what is it about the person who seeds?" Whether good nor evil we can all agree that these people planted SEEDS. The important ...
Nampa Rep. Crane twists history, says Rosa Parks stood up to the feds, not the South's Jim Crow Laws.
The Democrats just unveiled a statue of Rosa Parks and made such a big deal about her and what she means to all *** Isn't it funny how they leave out the part about the Democrats being in charge of all the police dogs attacking the *** protesting, and Democrats being in charge of all the fire hoses used against the *** and even the billy club beatings of *** Racism and Jim Crow Laws were Democratic values, not republicans. Republicans are responsible for *** voting rights and yes, even where they are allowed sit on the bus. An inconvienent truth!
understands Democrats wrote Jim Crow Laws that forced Rosa Parks to sit in the back of the bus.
Thank God it was Rosa Parks & not U because left to u we would still be living under Jim Crow separate & unequal laws
Keith Scott Outstanding *** that's what my grandfather was. Now the census is taking it off, The voters rights in the Supreme Court decision is tomorrow. The total package of the *** and our struggle was based on the *** and the breakdown of colored only, white only. Now that the struggles and gains, we stuck with being people of color. I often sit and wonder what the *** did, in spite of connotation of Jim Crow. We celebrate Black History, but forget it started off as *** week. Many of the advancement voting, opening doors of opportunities were the *** fight. Rosa Parks, the bus boycott was on the *** backs. All speeches dedicated to the Black Americans was all *** base. Do you know how the small letter n and the declaration, that the proper respect give the capital letter N. Was when the *** color man. I watched 2 films this week, Hidden Colors and the Great Debaters. Remarkable history of original black man, and one of the American *** and our struggle. The decision of human treat ...
Black History Month Top 20: Freedom Riders Three years before the Civil Rights Act was signed, some noteworthy (i.e. Stokeley Carmichael) but mostly anonymous Civil Rights Activists began riding interstate buses into the segregated Southern United States to test the Supreme Court decisions that had explicitly denounced the doctrine of "separate but equal". Separate seating, waiting rooms, and dining areas were prevalent throughout the Jim Crow South and were never equal. These brave souls were most often met with direct violence from local whites, particularly the KKK, when they refused to adhere to local customs. Groups of riders would get together and make sure at least one of the interracial pairs sat together and one black intentionally sat near the front of the bus (Rosa Parks was no innovator). One rider would abide by the local law so someone could ensure those arrested would get bailed out. Many of these rides were covered by the media, which brought global attention to the violence and hypocr ...
The original 'Freedom Rider,' Irene Morgan Kirkaldy, dies at 90 Published as part of the August 29, 2007 edition. "When I refused to give up my seat, then they said, 'We'll have you arrested.' Well, I said, `That's perfectly all right'; but when he put his hands on me, well, then that's when I kicked him,"-Irene Morgan Kirkaldy Special to the NNPA from The Afro-American Newspapers B A LT I M O R E (NNPA)-Irene Morgan Kirkaldy, a belatedly- recognized pioneer in the civil disobedience movement, died Aug. 10 at her daughter's home in Gloucester, Va. She was 90. "We thank God she had a peaceful passing,"' said granddaughter Aleah Bacquie Vaughn in an interview with the AFRO. "When she died, she was holding my mother's (Brenda Morgan Bacquie) hand." More than a decade before Rosa Parks' definitive act of civil disobedience in 1955, Morgan bucked Jim Crow and, with the help of Thurgood Marshall, took her case to the Supreme Court and won. It was a hot, humid July day in 1944 when Morgan had her meeting with de ...
Just wanted to message you guys to thank you. Though I don't like the word 'hate' in terms of describing my disgust with Obama, I know it's not about me. Anyway! I wanted to thank you for all that you do on this page. This past election has been a hard one for me. I was 20 years old at the time, 21 now, and a college student (still a college student) and my somewhat public disgust of Obama has led me to so much racism, criticism, attacks and death threats. Being a 20 year old *** black college student in a small town in Delaware is not an easy feat... but be that and against Obama is to be ready for war! I could not believe the 180 many people did on me. I find it sad and rather peculiar that we as a country... a country that has been through so much in our young history... can stoop to such a level. We want to be free from the shackles of Jim Crow, but refer to Obama as black even though he's biracial. We want to be free from the "White Man's" finger, but yet we vote based on race and race alone. And any ...
Ida B. Wells was a journalist and Civil Rights Activist back in the late 1800's, and tt was in Memphis, TN where she first began to fight for racial and gender justice. She was born just before Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, and is credited for documenting lynchings in the South and researching how white segregationists used violent methods to keep African Americans “in their place.” Wells was also known for being outspoken and unafraid to challenge whites, an attitude that could have easily gotten her lynched. During an 1884 train ride, Wells was asked to give up her seat to a white passenger, and ordered into the smoking or "Jim Crow" car. She refused, which occurred more than 70 years before Rosa Parks. After the conductors dragged her out of the train car, she sued the train company — and won in the local circuit courts! Though the ruling was overturned when appealed by the railroad company to the Supreme Court of Tennessee, Wells proved that she could unabashedly stare ra ...
Black History Month Facts: Moment: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Host: Roy Patterson, Moody Bible Institute Transcript: Hi, I’m Roy Patterson. 1929 was a pivotal year in World History. 200,000 people died from the influenza epidemic, Sir Alexander Fleming discovered Penicillin and the first car radio was invented. While many noted the births of Audrey Hepburn and Jackie Onasis…few realized that a world changer was born in a humble home in Atlanta, Georgia. His father and grandfather proclaimed the good news of Jesus Christ. He obeyed the call to follow in their footsteps. He graduated with a PHD at age 26. Instead of pursuing a field that would provide comfort and security, he decided to serve Christ at a church in Montgomery, Alabama. Little did he know Rosa Parks would disobey an outlandish Jim Crow law and he would be tapped to lead a local boycott. Throughout the boycott he was threatened, maligned and jailed. His house was bombed. It was then, his stance concerning non-violence was tested and solidi ...
Why Rosa Parks (Still) Matters As the nation marks the 100th anniversary of the birth of Rosa Parks, we should avoid the temptation to see her as merely a historical figure, a heroine of the past. It would be easy to do so. After all, no city in America segregates its public transportation system by skin color, not even Montgomery, the capital of the old Confederacy, where Mrs. Parks famously refused to give up her seat to accommodate Jim Crow. Even so, Rosa Parks’ example is about the future as much as the past. First of all, the memory of Rosa Parks ought to remind us that she didn’t live in what we refer to as “the civil rights era,” as though racial justice was achieved and can now be ignored. True, the awful state oppression against African-Americans, both north and south, was knocked down with legislative triumphs in areas of public accommodations, employment non-discrimination, and voting rights. Thank God. But racial reconciliation is never a finished project, at least not between Eden and ...
I chuckle at some of the asinine Jim Crow Laws that once existed... OUR PEOPLE were relegated to the back of buses, trains, planes etc. Why chuckle? When those modes of transportation crashed, those seated in the back always survived! God Bless the memory of Rosa Parks, who also helped Black rape victims by White male offenders in Alabama.
Today our profile picure is of Rosa Parks in celebration and rememberance of what would have been her 100th birthday. Ciivil Rights Activist Rosa Parks was born Febuary 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama and departed on October 24, 2005. During the Jim Crow segregated south Rosa Parks refused to give her seat on the bus to a white passenger which sparked a boycott of the bus systems segregational laws in Montgomery, Alabama. Diligence of the 381 day boycotting by over 40,00 African Americans crippled Motgomery's transit system thus causing the city of Montgomery to lift the segregation law on public buses, making it a historic event and victory for the Civil Rights Movement. Rosa Parks founded the Rosa and Raynond Parks Institute of Self Development and, received the Spingarn Medal from the NAACP which is their highest award. She received many other accolades and has remained a memorable icon in the African American Commubity. MRS ROSA PARKS WE SALUTE YOU AND HAPPY 100TH BIRTHDAY!
"My feet were not hurting...I was tired of Jim Crow Laws, of legally enforced racial segregation." - Rosa Parks (would've been 100 today!)
Presidential Proclamation: National African American History Month, 2013 We are apparently changing from Black History Month. Get to know me before you presume I'm racist. My white friends, how much do you know about Jim Crow, Freedom Riders,Rosa Parks- was she really at the front of the bus?, MLK, who was celebrated last month, and Sit In's. My black Friends, what do you really know about the confederate flag, major reasons for the war between the states, was Lincoln an abolitionist?, did Northern states do anything to suppress blacks during civil right debates? WE can use this month, even though we should just have 1 month to focus on American History, to study both sides, mistakes made, victory's achieved. We all have a mind lets open it, celebrate our own ancestors achievements, and learn from the other side that we assume is all bad. If we don't we will take the rights away from one another. Let's all be Free.
Black History!! In the late 19th Century, the Supreme Court, by a vote of 8-1 subverted justice and empowered the Jim Crow Era. It overturned the Civil Rights Act as unconstitutional and, in a series of subsequnet rulings, disemboweled the equal protection provisions of the 14th Amendment, the Amendment that conferred citizenship to all Americans. By the dawn of the 20th Century the United States of America had become the nation of Jim Crow Laws, quasi slavery, and precisely the same two-tiered system of justice that had existed in the slave era. "The Betrayal of Equal Rights by the Supreme Court, 1865-1903." The judicial branch, viewed as the premier defender of civil rights, was primarily responsible for the nation's descent into a deep, racist inequality that ruined the lives of millions for a century. Lincoln's great legacy was cynically dismantled by the office holders best positioned to protect it. "Inherently Unequal" written by Lawrence Goldstone. Tomorrow is the 100th birthday of Ms. Rosa Parks . ...
Thinking about Black History Month. I have decided to read a Black History book. To help me learn some of the little known facts associated with Black History. Something to make me think beyond Lincoln ,Rosa Parks and Mlk. Any ideas
We pray that everyone has a blessed Black History Month. No matter what your nationality is, let us all make sure that we sit our children & grandchildren down to watch informative movies & documentaries, let us talk to them, and make sure that we bridge the generational gap. This is a great time to watch movies such as Roots, King, Malcolm X, Rosa Parks, Mississippi Burnings, Queen, Amistad, Posse, Panther and so many others. It is imperative that our youth hear from where we have come - Africa, Indentured Servitude, Slavery, Middle Passage, Segregation, Jim Crow Laws, Prejudice, Racism, Discrimination, Injustice, & so much more as well as hear about all of the awesome inventions that we, as a people, had the pleasure of discovering. We have had an awesome impact of science, art, music, sports, architecture, culture, etc.
In the face of the weight of the entire Jim Crow society, Prepared by deep study and long thought Rosa Parks would not yield her seat. And as we know, Rosa sat... If the Post Office prints a stamp for her birthday, We should buy them all and save the Post Office from bankruptcy In her honor.
Not sure what I think about this. If I smoke a joint am I Rosa Parks? I really do think there are different levels of unjust laws. Drug laws aren't as much a violation of human rights as Jim Crow, IMHO. Don't get me wrong. They're bad laws and they victimise people. But "you can't smoke a joint" is not the same thing as "you can't sit where white people sit."
"White privilege is comparing gun control laws to the era of Jim Crow Laws, and declaring any owner of an assault rifle is no different than Rosa Parks refusing to move to the back of the bus. All while YET ANOTHER school shooting takes place."
Being presently in the climate of acknowledging Dr. Martin Luther King this weekend, I just thought I'd post some pictures that illustrate some of the struggles of the Civil Rights Movement, spearheaded by the likes of Medgar Evers, Rosa Parks, Dr. King and so so many others. I too choose to bring to light that we must never forget that Jim Crow Laws were predicated on the devalue of Black People's lives, and to this day evidenced by the murders of young men like Travon Martin, Oscar Grant and countless others aren't that far removed from what happened to the Emmitt Teal James Williams and others. I too use diarama's using model toys and figurines to recreate authentic scenes from history. Visit the website Toys R History to view my total Black History Collection
In spite of bad weather, sickness, and too few supplies we survived on Plymouth Rock. In spite of being 13 small colonies some very far apart, we defeated an empire. In spite of fear of what a free man really looked like and camouflaged it with states rights we made sure freedom was for everyone. In spite of some who thought they could regulate freedom with Jim Crow Laws, we, people like President Eisenhower, President Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, and others refused to let that be the status quo. In spite of a massive debt in the 1980's we had a surplus in the 90's. In spite of political division when attacked we banded together under George W Bush and refused to allow our American brothers and sisters blood to be shed in vain. You can deem America dead, but in spite of you, I think she's going to pull through.
If you're going to defend your Second Amendment rights, don't use language of the Civil Rights Movement of the 60s, comparing your gun ownership to the plight of African Americans under Jim Crow--and, before that, slavery. If you truly think you're being treated as a second-class citizen for owning a gun, you need a good, hard slap upside your head, right after the German Shepherd bites your leg and someone sprays you with a fire hose. I heard a few people compare themselves as gun owners to Rosa Parks, and another person say that Martin Luther King would agree with "Gun Appreciation Day". Please, Second Amendment activists, silence these nutcases and put more reasonable people in the forefront. They are not helping your cause, and they're making me--and, hopefully, anyone with intelligence--ill.
The difference between surrender and apathy, is accepting that I cannot change anyone individual, but I may get them to see things differently. I imagine what our country would be like if Rosa Parks had resigned herself and went to the back of a bus. Or if Dr. King who told adoring masses; "I may not get to the promised land with you, an omen before his assassination, had simply decided to give up his ideals of justice and fairness for all people. Today we have those who would deny rights to the LGBT community and use God and the bible as their rationale, the same way Southern whites tried to use it to condone racism and Jim Crow. Today, I will take a stand for liberty and justice for all. All includes anyone and everyone that harm nobody else and just want to be accepted for who they are.
Yea because gun laws are so similar to Rosa Parks and Jim Crow Laws
They fought for this?Medgar Evers may have let Jim Crow stay & Rosa Parks may have kept to the back of the bus.
I just let out the most ignorant yellaugh at that Rosa Parks gif. What in the Jim Crow *** LMAO
She certainly inspired me and my generation to work harder for civil rights. Thank you Rosa Parks!
Same ole Jim Crow Alabama...this is a PSA to not all but some: When these black scholar athletes make your favorite teams champions you cheer, support them, and wear their jerseys. You support them for carrying your team. Yet when our President Barack Obama display that same dominating leadership it's a problem. To me this mean you are a racist you just tolerate us under beneficial circumstances. If you hate one black you hate us all. Than you have the audacity to say it's not racial it's political well I accept everyone opinion but why the racial slurs. We need to evolve in Alabama, push for change we need our Rosa Parks, MLK, Tuskegee Airmen heritage blood that Alabama is infamous for to not sit and WAIT for change but let's get out and MAKE A CHANGE.WE NEED A REVOLUTION AND EVOLUTION at thevsame *** time.
Danielle McGuire's "At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance--A New History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power" shows how Jim Crow Laws perpetuated rape of Black Women in the Jim Crow South, until Rosa Parks and the Montgome...
Jim Crow Laws and black womanhood examined in new book that demonstrates why Rosa Parks entered the Civil Rights Movem…
Here is Rebecca Solnit's response to Joe Nocera's uninformed piece in the NY Times. I took this from the excellent Tomgram. Occupy Your Victories Occupy Wall Street’s First Anniversary By Rebecca Solnit Occupy is now a year old. A year is an almost ridiculous measure of time for much of what matters: at one year old, Georgia O’Keeffe was not a great painter, and Bessie Smith wasn’t much of a singer. One year into the Civil Rights Movement, the Montgomery Bus Boycott was still in progress, catalyzed by the unknown secretary of the local NAACP chapter and a preacher from Atlanta -- by, that is, Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr. Occupy, our bouncing baby, was born with such struggle and joy a year ago, and here we are, 12 long months later. Occupy didn’t seem remarkable on September 17, 2011, and not a lot of people were looking at it when it was mostly young people heading for Manhattan’s Zuccotti Park. But its most remarkable aspect turned out to be its staying power: it didn’t declare vi ...
just finished reading Boycott Blues with Mecca. A story of Rosa Parks and Jim Crow Laws. She reads a page then I read a page and I ask her to explain what we both just read. Next book, Love To Langston. A collection & description of some of the great Langston Hughes poetry.
Shame on Rosa Parks for interfering with Jim Crow's right to free speech.
Almost a decade before the arrest of Rosa Parks in 1955 sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott and helped catapult civil rights to the political forefront, a group of teachers at the historically black Alabama State College in Montgomery formed the Women's Political Council to campaign against the abuse...
Rosa Parks is not as well known for her anti-rape campaign during Jim Crow.
Daily Kos: This week in the War on Voting: The 'Rosa Parks of voter ID' in Pennsylvania via Jim Crow
•1896 - Plessy v. Ferguson: This landmark Supreme Court decision holds that racial segregation is constitutional, paving the way for the repressive Jim Crow Laws in the South. •1909 - The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) was founded by a group of concerned black and white citizens in New York City. •1947 - Jackie Robinson breaks Major League Baseball's color barrier when he is signed to the Brooklyn Dodgers by Branch Rickey. •1954 - Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans. declares that racial segregation in schools is unconstitutional (May 17). •1955 - A young black boy, Emmett Till, is brutally murdered for allegedly whistling at a white woman in Mississippi. Two white men charged with the crime are acquitted by an all-white jury. They later boast about committing the murder. The public outrage generated by the case helps spur the Civil Rights Movement (Aug.). •1956 - Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the "colored section" of a bus t ...
.- Rosa Parks didn't sit down on that bus to get more seats on the back of the bus-she acted to end Jim Crow segregation
I *** respect Rosa Parks! Lol when there was segregation she did everything to go against Jim Crow Laws in Alabama.
In Detroit for a fundraiser, President Barack Obama took a side trip to The Henry Ford museum and visited the restored Montgomery, Ala., city bus where Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in 1955, sparking the civil rights protests that would eventually end Jim Crow Laws. Parks' seat in the Gener...
Happy Birthday Grandma!, Irene Morgan defied Jim Crow 11 years before Rosa Parks. Would've been 95 today.
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