Ivan Gladstone Van Sertima (26 January 1935 – 25 May 2009) was an associate professor of Africana Studies at Rutgers University in the United States.
African Presence Runoko Rashidi African Studies John Henrik Clarke Golden Age Chancellor Williams Rutgers University Black Women North America South America Kwame Ture Nobel Committee Swedish Academy Gil Noble Christopher Columbus
Posts about Ivan van sertima ebooks.black history ebooks written by asartehuti360
Ivan Van Sertima on little-known African achievements.: via it is about the first world.
Gonna be finishing the lecture video "Black Women in Antiquity" by Ivan Van Sertima tomorrow Gonna purchase the book as well. Getting really interested in a lot of different things
Shout out to Dr. Phil Valentine and Bobby Hemmit and last but not least Dr Ivan van sertima
"The history of the world is not written. The history of Europe, perhaps." Dr Ivan Van Sertima
Ivan Van Sertima, the foremost authority on the African Presence in ancient America, has built a strong case demonstrating that (1/13)
Beginning of Ivan Van Sertima's They Came Before Columbus he tell u in the intro, "Six years ago, during my first brief visit to America..."
May 25, 2009 Ivan van Sertima died.# Guyanese and USA writer and academic.
That's about right. Like 10-25,000 yrs according to many studies. Dr. Ivan Van Sertima wrote books on this. 📖📚✊
I love your account, you familiar with Dr Ivan Van Sertima and Dr John Henrik Clarke?
white supremacy is a thing. whether you fully agree with or not. listen to Amos Wilson, Umar Johnson, John Henrik Clarke, Ivan Van Sertima
They Came Before Columbus - Dr Ivan Van Sertima, Part 1 case and point
you better go read some Ivan Van Sertima and leave us alone lol
This is a bigger tragedy than our sad local and national media will ever inform you about. The Saddest piece for me as a black citizen of the world is that this bookstore is where I began my journey as a seeker. Years of reading Ivan Van Sertima, Anthony Browder, Yosef Ben Jochannan, Patricia Hill Morton and countless other works started with Marcus Book Store. There I learned not just how well documented the voice of my culture was, but I found a bridge to other cultures in works from many other authors of color that were not being supported by the main vein of the publishing industry. In essence I learned about what it meant to be independent when sharing knowledge and how important it is to not allow academic institutions to colonize your mind and subvert your sovereignty. I can even remember being in Mr. Fracknoi's Astronomy class with Mrs. Johnson. Attending school with Tamiko, Raye, and Cherysse gave me an understanding that knowledge and information has to have many custodians or the truth will sim ...
The word INDIAN is INDIA like the INK it means, Black Pigment. See: Webster’s New World Dictionary (Third College Edition, 1988), p.686 .. The status of the descendants of the Moorish Inhabitants of Spain and Portugal on American soil is FREE WHITE PERSONS (natural men and women). This status does not apply to the Caucasian Race, Aryan Race, or Indo-European Races under the Naturalization Act (Amended by Act. July 14, 1879), I Stat.103,c.3 See: Black’s Law Dictionary (Fourth Ed. P. 797) . Circa 711 A.D., The Moors that ruled Moslem Spain and Portugal for centuries were black or dark skinned people. See: Golden Age of the Moors, Edited by Ivan Van Sertima, pgqe 337. . Circa 1503—1517 A.D., An estimated 3,000 Aborigina-American (Moors) were captured from the eastern seaboard of Terra Nova (North America) some of their names are Ali, Melchor, Miguel, Manne, Juan, Pedro, Antonio and Juan-Amarco. A record of that account can be fond in the Slave Books of Seville, Valencia, Catalina Spain. They were ...
There are a lot of historians with a wealth of info Dr Ben jochannan, Ivan Van Sertima, Dr Clark!
They formed by climatological adaptation. I refer u to read on Dr. Ivan Van Sertima or John Henrik Clarke books
Cheikh Anta Diop, Ashwa Kwesi, Dr. Ivan Van Sertima and Dr. Umar Johnson are my influences. Look them up.
Clock Of Destiny Moorish International Order Of The Great Seal Of 360° Moors of The Orient The Japanese, Chinese, Aryans and people of India are Moors Blacks were first in Asia and pioneered Asia's early civilization! The Black role in Asia as elsewhere in the world has been submerged and distorted for centuries. Asia's African roots are well summarized in African Presence in Early Asia by Ivan Van Sertima & Runoko Rashidi, and African Presence in Early China by James Brunson. The original oriental people were moors referred to as Black people in North America, and many of them still are Dark of Hue complexion -- southern China and Asia. The earliest occupants of Asia were 'small ‘Blacks” (at times you may see the work Black in quotes so that you continue to have an idea of whom I’m addressing) (pygmies) who came to the region as early as 50,000 years ago Christian Calendar ( Keep in mind that the Romans added 580 years to the Moorish Calendar, Now tell me, if you defeated or colonized a nation wou ...
Dr. Ivan Van Sertima © J.L. Van Sertima Ivan Van Sertima was born in Guyana, South America. He was educated at the School of Oriental and African Studies (London University) and the Rutgers Graduate School and holds degrees in African Studies and Anthropology. From 1957-1959 he served as a Press and Broadcasting Officer in the Guyana Information Services. During the decade of the 1960s he broadcast weekly from Britain to Africa and the Caribbean. He is a literary critic, a linguist, an anthropologist and has made a name in all three fields. As a literary critic, he is the author of Caribbean Writers, a collection of critical essays on the Caribbean novel. He is also the author of several major literary reviews published in Denmark, India, Britain and the United States. He was honored for his work in this field by being asked by the Nobel Committee of the Swedish Academy to nominate candidates for the Nobel Prize in Literature from 1976-1980. He has also been honored as an historian of world repute ...
BLACK HISTORY FACT: Ivan Van Sertima (26 January 1935 – 25 May 2009) was a Guyanese-born associate professor of Africana Studies at Rutgers University. He is best known for his book They Came Before Columbus (1976). This book makes it possible to see clearly the unmistakable face and handprint of Black Africans in Pre-Columbian America, and their overwhelming impact on the civilization they found here. On July 7, 1987, Van Sertima testified before a United States Congressional committee to oppose recognition of the 500th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's "discovery" of the Americas. He said, "You cannot really conceive of how insulting it is to Native Americans ... to be told they were discovered”.
15 Things You Did Not Know About the Moors of Spain 1. The Spanish occupation by the Moors began in 711 AD when an African army, under their leader Tariq ibn-Ziyad, crossed the Strait of Gibraltar from northern Africa and invaded the Iberian peninsula ‘Andalus' (Spain under the Visigoths). 2. A European scholar sympathetic to the Spaniards remembered the conquest in this way: a. [T]he reins of their (Moors) horses were as fire, their faces black as pitch, their eyes shone like burning candles, their horses were swift as leopards and the riders fiercer than a wolf in a sheepfold at night . . . The noble Goths [the German rulers of Spain to whom Roderick belonged] were broken in an hour, quicker than tongue can tell. Oh luckless Spain! [i] [i] Quoted in Edward Scobie, The Moors and Portugal's Global Expansion, in Golden Age of the Moor, ed Ivan Van Sertima, US, Transaction Publishers, 1992, p.336 3. The Moors, who ruled Spain for 800 years, introduced new scientific techniques to Europe, such as an astrol ...
Greetings brothers and sisters! I wanted to remind everyone that "Brother's Keeper" should be considered as a library. We should be gathering, storing and disseminating as much relevant information as we can. I will periodically post what our "library" contains in an effort to keep our information organized. Feel free to let me know what we are missing! Book List: They Came Before Columbus-Ivan Van Sertima (I will add this today) Soul on Ice-Eldridge Cleaver 911 Commission Report The Souls of Black Folk-W.E.B. DuBois Up From Slavery-Booker T. Washington Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey-Amy Garvey The Destruction of Black Civilization-Chancellor Williams The *** in Our History-Carter G. Woodson Children of the Sun-George Wells Parker Documentary List: Hidden Colors Hidden Colors 2 Loose Change (911 documentary) All Power to the People Black Wall Street Lecturer List: Dr. Ivan Van Sertima Dr. Runoko Rashidi Dr. Claude Anderson Dr. John Henrik Clarke Dr. Joseph Ben Jochannan Dr. Umar Johnson Dr. Co . ...
Dr. Ivan Van Sertima, (1939-2009) Professor of African American Studies at Rutgers University and visiting professor at Princeton. Once controversial, current DNA research is proving that mankind is rooted in Africa.
BLACK PRESENCE IN THE ANCIENT BRITISH ISLES One of the most under explored topics in the study of ancient history is the black presence in ancient Europe. A black presence can be found in the British Isles as far back as prehistoric times. The Silures were the most ancient inhabitants of Britain. (The Theosophical Path, vol. 3 by Katherine Tingley, California: The New Century Corporation, 1912, pg. 136) The Silures possessed south Wales and western England, and their chief cities were Sariconium, Magna, Gobabeum, and their capital city, Venta. The land of the Silures was only thirty miles from Ireland. That the Silures were black does not need to be questioned. They were described as short in stature, with brown complexions, and black curled hair and dark eyes. In the second century A.D., the Roman historian Pliny described the Britons complexions as “Ethiopian.” (African Presence in Early Europe by Ivan Van Sertima, ed. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2007, pg. 225) In his book, Memoirs of the ...
John Henrik Clarke, Kwame Ture, Nelson Mandela, Amiri Baraka, Gil Noble, Betty Shabazz, Rosa Parks, Gil Scot-Heron, Ivan Van Sertima, Chancellor Williams, Coretta Scot King, are in the realm of ancestors. Minister Farrakhan is 80, Dr. Ben is in an old folk's home, Assata is still being hunted. So many of our leaders, intellectuals and activists are now dead or in the twilight of their lives. While they can't be replaced, the oppression they challenged and liberation movement they fought in must still continue. Who will stand up and be counted? Who is carrying the torch? Will we allow them to become mere footnotes in history books or will we build from their example? Will Black social and political struggle continue full force or become an ancient relic fossilized in musuems? I for one pledge to continue the noble struggle! The doors of Black liberation are open. Are there any who will come?
"Prior to the Moorish rule of Spain, 99 percent of European people were illiterate. This was not the case in Africa. Africa had many writing scripts prior to the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. There was the Meroitic script, the Hieroglyphic script, the Akan script, the Mende Script, the Vai script, the Afaka script, and many other writing systems. Even the Arabic script was created when Arabia was still completely black. The Arabic script was created by an African man named Abul Aswan." -Dr. Ivan Van Sertima
Many early martyrs & saints of Europe are of African Descent. Check African Presence in Early Europe by Ivan Van Sertima
Reading about the Koreysh in the historical periods in the Arabian Peninsula leading up to the life of *inhale* Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn Abd Allah ibn al-Muttalib ibn Hashim. Known in Islam as The Prophet Muhammad. "African Presence in Early Asia" by Dr. Runoko Rashidi, co-edited by Dr. Ivan Van Sertima
I had a brief conversation with my cousin Sheryl Pd yesterday and my oldest sister Valerie Valerie Daniels was riding shot gun with her. We were discussing the posts I made on my FB page in relation to twinflame/twinsoul relationships then to topic changed to Jesus... I'm not one to down grade or judge anyone's faith, spiritual or religious belief system. But when I'm told that Jesus leads my life, I ask one simple question... What is the original name of that person? I will allow my divine knowledge to lead me to my following commentary. Unless you have questioned the history or content of your religious faith base, please put that foundation in place before you make a statement about BELIEF before a statement of KNOWING. If you have never studied the literary works of Dr. Henrick Clarke, Dr. Ben Yochannan, Ivan Van Sertima, Cheik Anta Diop, Marimba Ani, Asa Hilliard, Chancellor Williams, Frantz Fanon, Neely Fuller, Professor Griff, Anthony Browder, Kaba Kamene, Dr. Francis Cress-Welsing and so many of o ...
I will not fail Harriet Tubman, John Henrick Clarke, Ivan Van Sertima, Medgar Evers, Queen Tiye, Hatshepsut. I will not fail my ancestors
Just wanted to give HONOR and Thanks to all the teachers and mentors that I've learned from over the years...Michelle Dudley (mother), Virginia Strickland, Dr. Ray Hagins, Dr. Kaba Kamene, Dr. Dr Amos Wilson, Dr. John Henrik Clarke, Dr. Umar Abdullah Johnson, Professor Griff, Dr. Phil Valentine, Dr. Ivan Van Sertima, and the list goes on!! Thanks for the "awakening", the enlightenment and direction to right knowledge. I know and OVERstand that I stand on the "shoulders of giants!!" Thanks for your dedication, commitment, and for laying down the track for the future...OUR future.
Chancellor Williams, Ivan Van Sertima, Yosef Ben Jochannan, Assata Shakur, Kwame Ture.if you study black history get to know these names.
Haiti and Africa, Long Before Columbus Haiti always had a special relationship with Africa. Contrary to popular belief, this special relationship did not start with the transatlantic slave trade; it actually started with the honorable trade in gold and agricultural products. According to Dr. Ivan Van Sertima, in They Came Before Columbus: African Presence in Ancient America, Haiti was the first Caribbean country to engage in pre-Columbian trade with Africa, where Africans cultivated the banana crop and established settlements in Haiti. Dr. Van Sertima states that from 1307 to 1312, Abu Bakr III, Emperor of Mali, commissioned West African merchants, the Sarakole, who were also the founders of the ancient empire of Ghana, to establish trading posts in Haiti. In these trading posts, the West African merchants introduced the gold trade and the art of alloying gold with copper and silver to the natives in Haiti. In addition to the gold trade, Van Sertima asserts that by 1462, West Africans and Haitians were .. ...
Attended the Puerto Rican Festival on Sunday and had a blast! But, man, the questions as to where I'm from and the surprise at seeing me at events like this brings out the sarcasm in me. I remember the Cuban Festivals in Echo Park - where I was constantly asked "where you from.you Cuban?" But, Sunday, was something else. I think I heard, "You Rican.no, wow, I'm really surprised to see you here" almost a dozen times. I know my salsa friends meant well, but I also know that my response to them "went over their heads". My response was that "I was probably a matter of hours from being Cuban or Rican or Bahamian or Peruvian, etc." My follow-up retort about my folks being in the rear of the slave ship meant that they were not dropped off into slavery on the shores of many Caribbean Islands. Instead, they were transported to the end of the "slave triangle's" route, South/North Carolina, Georgia, and New York in the 1500's and 1600's. Based on the work of Ivan Van Sertima in his text, "They Came Before Columbus", ...
DARK MATTER PARADIGM | "We have come to reclaim the house of history." - Dr. Ivan Van Sertima. The following video...
you read the Golden Age of the moors by Ivan van sertima or follow
*** I wish Dr. Ivan Van Sertima was still alive sheeesh
Dr Ivan van sertima state that afRu iika was the eygiptian name for motherland.
Ivan Van Sertima on little-known African achievements. Black people came to the Americas before Columbus:
Thank you Runoko Rashidi, Ivan Van Sertima, Yosef Ben-Jochannan, Graham Hancock, and Zecharia Sitchin for supplying me with food for thought
MY TOP 5 AFRICAN HISTORY/RELIGIOUS SCHOLARS: Dr. John Henrik Clark, Dr. Ben Jochannan, Dr. Ivan Van Sertima, Dr. Barashango, and Dr. Amos Wilson. Others scholars of notable mention and are also Grand Master Teachers are... Dr. Chancellor Williams, John G. Jackson, Chiek Ante-Diop, and Ashra Kwesi. MY TOP 5 REVOLUTIONARIES/LEADERS: Marcus Garvey, Malcolm X, Dr. Khalid Muhammad, Kwame Ture (a.k.a.Stokely Charmichael), and Steve Cokely. If you dont know these brothas or embrace these brothas then you are lost and elementary in your knowlege and shouldnt even speak but only listen and learn. Not knowing ALL of these people is like not knowing who Muhammad Ali, Mike Tyson, and Michael Jordan is. You are waay out of touch but its ok, i listed them and you can go to youtube and hear their teachings. Just type in their names and hundreds of videos will pop up on just about any topic. Whatever these men say is law and you can take it to the bank. Go forth and learn about the knowledge of self and your ancestors.
All the former historians were teaching you for a reason. John Henrik Clarke, Ivan Van Sertima, Dr Ben and many...
I haven't really posted anything related to Black History Month, but since it's the last day, I'll drop some jewels on y'all. Research these names for self. Mansa Musa, AbuBakari, AbuBakari II, Sunni Ali Ber, Askia Muhammad, Mali Empire, Ancient Timbuktu, History Of Ethiopia, Ivan Van Sertima. There is plenty more, but this is a good start.
One time, I think in 1988 or 1989, the Shrine of the Black Madonna in Atlanta hosted a big program on the African Presence in Early America. It was a two day program and the speakers were Dr. Clarke on Friday night, me on Saturday morning and Ivan Van Sertima on Saturday afternoon. Well, between those two giants I was determined to be at my best. I spoke on the African Presence in prehistoric America and I was very good. And the question and answer period was even better. A Morehouse University student asked me whether I thought he should stay in school. I told him yes and lamented that I had wish that I had done so myself. I have since received an honorary doctorate degree. That afternoon, at lunch, with Dr. Karen Johnson, Dr. Clarke and Sybil Williams-Clarke and Ivan and Jackie Van Sertima, Dr. Clarke chastised me for the first and only time. He said, "Runoko, I don't ever want to hear you apologize for not graduating from the university again!" He said, "I was a semester short of graduating f ...
It has become clear beyond a shadow of a doubt due to the work of POWERFUL scholars like Dr. Clyde Winters, Dr. Runoko Rashidi, Dr. Ivan Van Sertima, Dr. David Imhotep, Dr. Ali Muhammad and many others that the so called Black Man was the First American and is indigenous to the Americas. Black people should call America home. For centuries, those of European descent have dominated America and called it home, however today due to the waning influence of white Supremacy, Asian and Latino immigrants are beginning to move in and dominate economies all over the Americas and everything is falling into their hands. The question is, should Black People be moving to dominate the Americas as the influence of these other groups is rapidly increasing or should we focus on building up and cultivating Africa? PEACE!! -Ptah
Many historians say the Moors were the group that brought the Western world out of the Dark Ages making a significant impact on the current day world. But who were they? According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the Moors, as early as the Middle Ages and as late as the seventeenth century were, "commonly supposed to be black or very swarthy, and the word often used for *** " According to Ivan Van Sertima, associate professor of African Studies at Rutgers University, Black Moors were in every corner of Europe. “Most people do not know that the peoples called Berbers by the classical Greek and Roman historians were black and affiliated with the then contemporary peoples of the East African area.” Although much of the literature about the Berbers was burned, their presence was recorded by the Vikings and many others. Anthropologist, Dana Reynolds traced the African roots of the original North African peoples through a dozen Greek and Byzantine (neo-Roman writers) from the first to the sixth century A . ...
Ivan Van Sertima & Horace Butler.. Two Authors you should know.
Wow, would hav loved to be a student in the class of greats like Diop, Ivan van Sertima, Dr Ben etc.
Movie was dope, but now hes an expert?.. Go read some Ivan van Sertima or Dr Ben Jochanon then holla
Golden Age of the Moor edited by Ivan Van Sertima[This is why We need god chaste Holy Moslems .]HTP>
There was once a time when European diplomats would walk into our temples and castles and beg to kiss the feet of our African queens. If they came within a 6 feet circumference of our queens they would be swiftly eliminated. Paraphrased from Dr. Ivan Van Sertima's Black Women of Antiquity. That doesn't sound like a B itch or a W hore. That is a queen, a Goddess. What happened? How did we fall? -Ptah
Greetings. The book 'The Golden Age of the Moor' by Ivan Van Sertima (Editor) is a good starting point on the Moors.
I came to be miseducation about my heritage, now I use what I know to teach myself the truth, I am my own university- Dr. Ivan Van Sertima
Read "They Came Before Columbus" by Ivan Van Sertima. Africans sailed to America & knew the earth was round before Columbus got lost here.
Required read!!! Anything by Ivan Van Sertima is a must Pic share
The next issue of JPAS (more specifically) in-part will feature a tribute to African centered pianist, composer and lecturer Randy Weston, a February 20, 2012 interview with Randy Weston by Amy Goodman; a paper that argues that an emphasized down beat commonly referred to in Western music as “one” has a perplexing representation in Ghanaian music; a paper on the resistance to repression in African American visual representation; an article that explores the works of writers Paulo Colina, Salgado Maranhão, and Márcio Barbosa to suggest a comparative commonality within the trope of “interfacial archetypes”; and the testimony of Ivan Van Sertima (1935-2009) held in 1987 before the U.S. Congress to discuss the Christopher Columbus Quincentenary Jubilee Act (presented in memory of Mervyn M. Dymally).
Brian Smith To know the enemy is larger than you think, more formidable, makes you go back and build a bigger arsenal. ~Ivan Van Sertima
"Christopher Columbus landed in a place with three hills, which reminded him of the Trinity so he called it Trinidad"- Dr. Ivan Van Sertima
"They Came before Columbus The African Presence in Ancient America" by Ivan Van Sertima or "The Willie Lynch letter"
Like it is Special. *** Nobel hosts three Africans that have made tremendous contributions to liberating the minds of Africans. Dr. Ben, Ivan Van Sertima, a...
White people did not bring civilization to the Americas, nor did Black history begin with slavery. Runoko Rashidi is a world class historian. He will be making a historical tribute to Dr. Ivan Van Sertima and examining the early African Presence in the Americas – before Columbus – in downtown Oaklan...
Well, I am done with my morning soapbox about President Obama and Governor Mitt Romney. I am going to do my laundry because I am not doing it tomorrow nor over the Columbus Day weekend. I am doing it that the Family Dollar crowd is not really around and the ones who work are not around. While people are watching either Kathie Lee and Hota, Kelly and Michael, or Maury and his ghetto and trailer park crew, I will be pre-washing, washing, soaking, rinsing, and drying my funky and smelly laundry. I will be reading THEY CAME BEFORE COLUMBUS by the late Dr. Ivan Van Sertima in honor of the Olmec, West African, Incan, Mayan, Aztec and other Pre-Colombian and MesoAmerican cultures before 1492 while being in the laundry.
Lecture given by Dr Ivan Van Sertima discussing African history. Transferred from VHS so quality is not the best. Recorded in 1986 at Camden Town Hall, Londo...
in that case.. I still feel Ivan Van Sertima, Mr.Diop & Carter G Woodson should be required reading at this school..
Ivan Van Sertima,his facts were played as racist and without foundation because it was true. An ignorant person will ask me who this hero is instead of finding out themselves-Big up to him and Thabo Mbeki
What’s funny about their usage of the late Chancellor William’s Destruction of African Civilization , page 91 of Golden Age of the Moor by Ivan Van Sertima, in the footnotes makes reference to page 221 of Chancellor’s book who confirms the true identity of the co-called “Blacks” as Moors, as well as them being the same people as the Egyptians. He says, “Now, again, just who were the Moors? The answer is very easy. The original Moors, like the original Egyptians, were Black Africans. As amalgamation became more and more widespread, only Berbers, Arabs and Coloureds in the Moroccan territories were called Moors while the darkest and black-skinned Africans were called “Black-a-Moors.” Eventually, “black” was dropped from “Blackamoor.” In North Africa, and Morocco in particular, all Muslim Arabs, Mixed breeds and Berbers are readily regarded as Moors. The African Blacks, having had even this name taken from them, MUST CONTEND FOR RECOGNITION AS MOORS” (see footnote below)
This video is dedicated to the memory of Dr. Ivan Van Sertima who made is transition on May 25th, 2009. A celebrated classic, They Came Before Columbus, deal...
I got my new book today called THEY CAME BEFORE COLUMBUS...And it's telling me the Black people *** found America not the Natives...The book is by Ivan Van Sertima...
I have found out that Black Women played a key role in Ancient African History that has been covered up for thousands of years. What’s up with that? African Women of Antiquity by Ivan Van Sertima and Vivians Hunters, “Ancient African God and Goddess of the Diapora Unveiled Part I and Part II.” are awesome. It took Vivian Hunter Drew 29 years to put her book together and this sister was not playing with it!
BOOKS TO READ Art of War by Sun Tzu The *** that Sat by the Door They Came Before Columbus by Dr. Ivan Van Sertima Isis Papers by Francis Cress Welsing Rich Dad Poor Dad by Robert K. Acres of Diamonds The Richest Man in Babylon Secret Teaching of All Ages by Manly P. Hall Mis-education of the *** by Dr. Carter G. Woodson
The works of Ivan Van Sertima, Barry Fell and Alexander Von Wuthenau have shown that there was a significant Muslim presence in the early Americas. Pre- and post-Colombian Muslims.
One of the first regions settled by ancient Africans for thosands of years before Columbus is the Choco Region of Colombia. In fact, in certain areas, such as San Agustin, one will see monuments with Negroid featured sculpture holding African shamanistic objects identical to those used by the ancient Oni or Priest-Kings of Nigeria (see the Essay, "African Civilizations of America." Choco was one of the primary areas of Portugese and Spanish slave-raiding before Columbus' official trip to the Americas. The slaves were Africans who had been living on the coast of Colombia for hundreds of years before the arrival of the Europeans to the New World. In fact, some of the very first African slaves to reach North America were Africans captured on the Coast of South America by the Spaniards and Dutch, then sold to North America (the U.S.) (See the writings of Peter Matyr, Balboa, Ivan Van Sertima); see also the world-famous book, "A History of the African-Olmecs, pub. by 1stbooks Library, 2595 Vernal Pike, Bloomin ...
Random thoughts: Not feeling well at all. I guess these weeks of taking care of the sick caught up to me. Going back to bed and probably to the doctor at 2 pm. 2. Heart sick. The passing of Gil Noble hurt like *** I was taught, in my younger days, by to Giils; Gil Scott Heron and Gil Noble. Like it is educated me, inspired me and taught me revolutionary ideas and identity. Like it is allowed me to hear from Malcolm, Paul Robeson, Dr. Ben, Ivan Van Sertima, John H Clarke, Kwme Toure, Micheal Manley, Maurice Bishop, Dr. A Sanford and so many more. I pray that Allah forgive his sins. I pray that Allah increases his good deeds. I pray that Allah let him into paradise.
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