Enrico Fermi & Albert Einstein

Enrico Fermi (29 September 1901 – 28 November 1954) was an Italian-born, naturalized American physicist particularly known for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor, Chicago Pile-1, and for his contributions to the development of quantum theory, nuclear and particle physics, and statistical mechanics. Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the theory of general relativity, effecting a revolution in physics. 5.0/5

Enrico Fermi Albert Einstein Robert Oppenheimer Manhattan Project Ernest Rutherford Leo Szilard Max Planck Edward Teller Niels Bohr David Bohm Werner Heisenberg Satyendra Nath Bose United States Nobel Prize New Mexico Columbia University Holy Spirit Pacific Ocean

Who invented atom bomb? During World War II, the United States, with the assistance (collaboration) of physicists, mathematicians, and engineers from the U.S., Britain, Canada and Europe, completed the Manhattan Project to produce the first atomic bomb. (The project started as the "Manhattan District Engineers" and only became "The Manhattan Project" some time later). There was some early speculation about the possibility of what could be done if a nuclear chain reaction was unleashed in a way that would allow it to build without control. For a roll call, consider that Robert Oppenheimer was the head of "science" for the Manhattan Project, and (in alphabetical order) Felix Block, David Bohm, Niels Bohr, Enrico Fermi, James Franck, Otto Frisch, Klaus Fuchs, Rudolf Peierls, Emilio Segre, Leo Szilard, Edward Teller and Eugene Wigner all played crucial roles in getting the weapon designed and built. The physicist Albert Einstein did not participate directly in the invention of the atomic bomb-but was instrume ...
Hedgehog or Fox? Scientists come in two varieties, hedgehogs and foxes... foxes know many tricks, hedgehogs only one. Foxes are broad, hedgehogs are deep. Foxes are interested in everything and move easily from one problem to another. Hedgehogs are only interested in a few problems that they consider fundamental, and stick with the same problems for years or decades. Most of the great discoveries are made by hedgehogs, most of the little discoveries by foxes. Science needs both hedgehogs and foxes for its healthy growth, hedgehogs to dig deep into the nature of things, foxes to explore the complicated details of our marvelous universe. Albert Einstein and Edwin Hubble were hedgehogs. Charley Townes, who invented the laser, and Enrico Fermi, who built the first nuclear reactor in Chicago, were foxes. — Freeman Dyson In 'The Future of Biotechnology', A Many-Colored Glass: Reflections on the Place of Life in the Universe
Why Did the Chicken Cross the Road? Here are some answers, in the spirit of various well-known physicists, to the age-old question: Why did the chicken cross the road?   Albert Einstein: The chicken did not cross the road. The road passed beneath the chicken. Isaac Newton: Chickens at rest tend to stay at rest. Chickens in motion tend to cross roads. Wolfgang Pauli: There was already a chicken on this side of the road. Carl Sagan: There are billions and billions of such chickens, crossing roads just like this one, all across the universe. [Apologies for perpetuating the misquote.] Jean-Dernard-Leon Foucault: What’s interesting is that if you wait a few hours, it will be crossing the road a few inches back that way. Robert Van de Graaf: Hey, doesn’t it look funny with all its feathers sticking up like that? Albert Michelson and Edward Morley: Our experiment was a failure. We could not detect the road. Ludwig Boltzmann: If you have enough chickens, it is a near certainty that one of them will cross the ...
Leo Szilard was best known for encouraging Albert Einstein to warn President Roosevelt about the atomic bomb. He later worked with Enrico Fermi to construct the first nuclear reactor. He circulated petitions among the scientists demanding greater scientific input on the future use of atomic weapons.
Q--Which scientist is often referred to as the 'Father of the Atom Bomb' ? (A) Enrico Fermi (B) J. Robert Oppenheimer (C) Albert Einstein (D) Ernest Rutherford
On May 21st, 1956, The United States conducted the first airborne test of an improved hydrogen bomb, dropping it from a plane over the tiny island of Namu in the Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean. The successful test indicated that hydrogen bombs were viable airborne weapons and that the arms race had taken another giant leap forward since the first atomic bomb was exploded at 5:30 am on July 16, 1945, at a site on the Alamogordo air base 120 miles (193 km) south of Albuquerque, New Mexico. That first bomb was created by a group of American scientists, many of them refugees from fascist regimes in Europe, who took steps in 1939 to organize a project to exploit the newly recognized fission process for military purposes. The first contact with the government was made by G.B. Pegram of Columbia University, who arranged a conference between Enrico Fermi and the Navy Department in March 1939. In the summer of 1939, Albert Einstein was persuaded by his fellow scientists to use his influence and present the mili ...
SEARCHING FOR TRUTH IN THE NEW AGE By Paul McGuire My spiritual pilgrimage began at a very young age when the questions, “Who am I? What is my purpose in life?” and “What am I doing here?” haunted me and burned in my mind night and day. While other children were content to play, I was driven to ask questions about the meaning of life. Raised in New York City, I came from a liberal, educated family. Both my parents were teachers, and neither believed in God. As a young boy, I thought science could give me the answers to my questions about life. Reading every book I could get my hands on about science and the lives of the great scientists, I often devoured ten books a week. I read about men like Albert Einstein, Nicola Tesla, Thomas Edison, Enrico Fermi, Louis Pasteur, and John Oppenheimer. Building a huge laboratory in my bedroom, I undertook amateur experiments on cryogenics and nuclear physics. Soon, however, I realized that these brilliant men did not have the answers I was looking for. Thus, at ...
The world is a dangerous place to live; not because of the people who are evil, but because of the people who don't do anything about it. Albert Einstein
Leó Szilárd (Hungarian: Szilárd Leó, February 11, 1898 – May 30, 1964 German: Spitz, Leo until age 2) was a Hungarian-American physicist and inventor who conceived the nuclear chain reaction in 1933, patented the idea of a nuclear reactor with Enrico Fermi, and in late 1939 wrote the letter for Albert Einstein's signature that resulted in the Manhattan Project that built the atomic bomb. He also conceived the electron microscope, the linear accelerator (1928, not knowing Gustav Ising's 1924 journal article and Rolf Widerøe's operational device) and the cyclotron.[1] Szilárd himself did not build all of these devices, or publish these ideas in scientific journals, and so their credit often went to others. As a result, Szilárd never received the Nobel Prize, but others were awarded the Prize as a result of their work on two of his inventions
Who among the following scientists shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with his son ? (a) Max Planck (b) Albert Einstein (c) William Henry Bragg (d) Enrico Fermi
Max Planck was among a rare cadre of European scientists in the early years of the 20th century to advance our understanding of raw science. He joined Albert Einstein, Nils Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, Enrico Fermi, and many others. While it seems that the scientific efforts of the British and American ...
The foundations of quantum mechanics were established during the first half of the 20th century by Max Planck , Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, Louis de Broglie, Arthur Compton, Albert Einstein, Erwin Schrödinger, Max Born, John von Neumann, Paul Dirac, Enrico Fermi, Wolfgang Pauli, David Hilbert, Wilhelm Wien , Satyendra Nath Bose, Arnold Sommerfeld and others. In the mid-1920s, developments in quantum mechanics led to its becoming the standard formulation for atomic physics. In the summer of 1925, Bohr and Heisenberg published results that closed the "Old Quantum Theory". Out of deference to their particle-like behavior in certain processes and measurements, light quanta came to be called photons (1926). From Einstein's simple postulation was born a flurry of debating, theorizing, and testing. Thus the entire field of quantum physics emerged, leading to its wider acceptance at the Fifth Solvay Conference in 1927.
Edward (Ede) Teller - (Physicist, instrumental in the Manhattan Project, Father of the the H-Bomb: co-developed the Atomic Bomb and Discovered BET equation. Edward Teller is most widely known for his significant contributions to the first demonstration of thermonuclear energy; in addition he has added to the knowledge of quantum theory, molecular physics, and astrophysics. Leo Szilárd - Physicist - Co-developed the Atomic Bomb, patented the nuclear reactor, catalyst of the Manhattan Project: Conceived the nuclear chain reaction and campaigned for nuclear disarmament, though the first to consider the application of the atom to making bombs. Achieved first sustained nuclear fission reaction with Enrico Fermi. Identified the unit or "bit" of information. Szilard first realized the potential use of nuclear fission in an atomic bomb, and worked with Fermi on the first nuclear reaction. Seen here with Albert Einstein, his other ideas included the electron microscope, cyclotron, and linear accelerator. As an in ...
July 16, 1945 - This Day in Our History - Atom bomb successfully tested On this day in 1945, at 5:29:45 a.m., the Manhattan Project comes to an explosive end as the first atom bomb is successfully tested in Alamogordo, New Mexico. Plans for the creation of a uranium bomb by the Allies were established as early as 1939, when Italian emigre physicist Enrico Fermi met with U.S. Navy department officials at Columbia University to discuss the use of fissionable materials for military purposes. That same year, Albert Einstein wrote to President Franklin Roosevelt supporting the theory that an uncontrolled nuclear chain reaction had great potential as a basis for a weapon of mass destruction. In February 1940, the federal government granted a total of $6,000 for research. But in early 1942, with the United States now at war with the Axis powers, and fear mounting that Germany was working on its own uranium bomb, the War Department took a more active interest, and limits on resources for the project were removed. ...
Dear Friends, As we all are aware, physics today has taken a quantum leap. The discovery of 'God Particle' in CERN will provide the missing links to how universe formed after the 'Big Bang'. Today humankind has established itself as the most intelligent species of all times. All this pioneering achievement is the result of 8000 scientists who have worked tirelessly for more than a decade. Undoubtedly, this research will have global implications on our future. More importantly, this research is the result of Peter Higgs, a British scientist, who back in 1960 had proposed the existence of this particle. His research was based primarily upon the Bose-Einstein condensate & particle research by Enrico Fermi & Bose (BOSON- named after Bose & Fermions). All the names here but one, enjoy a higher degree of prominence . 'BOSE'. Shri Satyendra Nath Bose was one of the best scientific minds India every produced. It was Bose who predicted the particle nature & sent his findings to Albert Einstein back in 1924. Einste ...
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